RDD - The International Learning and Research Centre

RDD is a self-funded, not-for-profit, innovation and development centre which promotes and invests in school and community-based research and practitioner enquiry. The Centre specialises in curriculum design, developing pedagogy, languages, literacy, leadership, 15-19 curriculum, quality assurance, the learning environment, e-learning and family learning.

  • to promote the spread of innovation for the benefit of all in order to improve standards 

  • leadership, co-ordination and management of national and international projects

  • a research and development strategy which includes learning from international contexts .

  • working with practitioners in communities and schools to investigate, evaluate and share innovative and best practice

  • supporting learners to take a lead in their own learning as a result of reflection and analysis

  • to develop active, contributing members of learning networks through these activities

  • seminars, conferences and professional learning opportunities for all members of the Centre Networks

  • Read more at http://socialinclusion2000.co.uk/

 

Contact us below

RDD represents all the directors of social services in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The Association is able to bring together tremendous breadth, depth and accumulated experience on all issues covering managerial policy and professional activities of social services departments.

About RDD

RDD - The International Learning and Research Centre

RDD is a self-funded, not-for-profit, innovation and development centre which promotes and invests in school and community-based research and practitioner enquiry. The Centre specialises in curriculum design, developing pedagogy, languages, literacy, leadership, 15-19 curriculum, quality assurance, the learning environment, e-learning and family learning.

  • to promote the spread of innovation for the benefit of all in order to improve standards 

  • leadership, co-ordination and management of national and international projects

  • a research and development strategy which includes learning from international contexts .

  • working with practitioners in communities and schools to investigate, evaluate and share innovative and best practice

  • supporting learners to take a lead in their own learning as a result of reflection and analysis

  • to develop active, contributing members of learning networks through these activities

  • seminars, conferences and professional learning opportunities for all members of the Centre Networks

  • Read more at http://socialinclusion2000.co.uk/

 

Innovation for the benefit of all - esearch in social care and social work

Welcome to RDD. RDD are a learning centre and reseach laboratory looking for new ways of improving social care in the UK

RDD resource websites

Cancerlit
Cancerlit is a searchable database of the US National Cancer Institute which contains more than 1.4 million citations and abstracts from over 4000 different sources including biomedical journals, proceedings, books, reports, and doctoral theses.
Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD)
The CRD at the University of York undertakes reviews of research about the effects of interventions used in health and social care. The centre maintains various databases, provides an enquiry service and disseminates results of research to NHS decision makers.
CHID Online
The Combined Health Information Database (CHID), is a bibliographic database produced by health-related agencies of the US federal government. It provides titles, abstracts, and availability information for health information and health education resources. Updated four times a year, CHID covers a wealth of health promotion and education materials ranging from AIDS to weight control. Effective from September 1, 2006 the Combined Health Information Database will be discontinued in its present form though links to most subfiles will be available through other means. We are monitoring the situation, and will take further action as/when appropriate.
Cochrane Library
The Cochrane Library is an electronic publication designed to supply high quality evidence to inform people providing and receiving care, and those responsible for research, teaching, funding and administration at all levels. It is published quarterly on CD-ROM and the Internet on a subscription basis, but is freely available to users in England through the NeLH website (http://www.nelh.nhs.uk/cochrane.asp). Others should be able to browse the Cochrane Library at their nearest Medical Library if they don't have their own subscription. The Cochrane Library includes: The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Cochrane Reviews), a Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE), The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, The Cochrane Database of Methodology Reviews, The Cochrane Methodology Register, Health Technology Assessment Database (HTA) and the NHS Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED).
Current Controlled Trials
Provides access to the ISRCTN Register, a database of randomised controlled trials with an International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial Number and to the metaRegister of Controlled Trials, an international database combining registers of ongoing randomised controlled trials in all areas of healthcare.
Intute
Intute is a free online service providing you with access to the very best Web resources for education and research. The service is created by a network of UK universities and partners. Subject specialists select and evaluate the websites in their database and write high quality descriptions of the resources.
INVOLVE (formerly Consumers in NHS Research)
The aims of this organisation are to ensure that public involvement in R&D in the NHS, public health and social care improves the way that research is prioritised, commissioned, undertaken and disseminated. Its strategic objectives are: to develop alliances with key groups in order to promote public involvement in research; to monitor public involvement in research in the NHS, public health and social care; to promote the empowerment of the public to become more involved in research; and to encourage the evaluation of the effects of public involvement in research in the fields of NHS, public health and social care. INVOLVE also provide access to a database of research projects involving consumers.
Medical Research Council
The MRC aims to improve health by promoting research into all areas of medical and related science. It supports medical research in three main ways: through its research establishments; grants to individual scientists; and support for post graduate students. The website is divided into sections such as: research in focus, current research, research career opportunities, links to related sites, and research funding schemes. The 'links to related sites' section is particularly comprehensive, as well as being helpfully divided into UK and international sites.
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)
NICE is the independent organisation responsible for providing national guidance on the promotion of good health and the prevention and treatment of ill health. On 1 April 2005 NICE joined with the Health Development Agency to become the new National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (also to be known as NICE).
National Institute for Health Research
The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) was launched on the 1 April 2006 following the publication of the Government's strategy 'Best Research for Best Health': A new National Health Research Strategy in January 2006. The strategy outlines the direction that NHS research will take to build a vibrant and world-class research environment in England. The Institute will be established on a phased basis as each of its key work areas are introduced. It will provide a framework to position, manage and maintain the research, research staff and infrastructure of the NHS in England. Its work will focus on meeting the needs of the research community, patients and the public.
National Library for Health
The role of the NLH is to provide health care professionals and the public (through NHS Direct Online and the New Library Network) with knowledge and know-how to support health care related decisions. The NeLH is now part of the National Library for Health (www.library.nhs.uk) and aims to: provide easy access to best, current knowledge and know-how; improve health and healthcare, clinical practice and patient choice.
National Research Register (NRR) Archive
The archive is a searchable copy of the records that were held in the National Research Register (NRR) Projects Database. It was created using the final issue of the NRR published in October 2007, based on records collected up to September 2007.
Netting the Evidence: a ScHARR Introduction to evidence-based practice on the internet
This website intends to facilitate evidence-based healthcare by providing support and access to helpful organisations and useful learning resources, such as an evidence-based virtual library, software and journals. Resources can be browsed alphabetically or by type; it is also possible to undertake searches.
People in Research
People in Research aims to help members of the public make contact with organisations that want to actively involve people in clinical research. It has been developed by the UK Clinical Research Collaboration, INVOLVE and others.
RCN: Research & Development Co-ordinating Centre
This website has been developed to provide an easy-to-access means of sharing information on research and practice development in nursing, and is designed to be fully interactive. It includes information on research networks, policy issues, governance, funding, training & support units, dissemination and practice development. Information is organised into regional as well as UK-wide sections.
RDFunding
RDFunding, a digest of health related research funding opportunities, provides access to relevant information on funding opportunities in the field of health research. The information held is wide-ranging and covers a variety of research interests, types of awards and timescales, spanning the whole healthcare spectrum.
RDLearning: database of courses and events
RDLearning provides a database of health related educational and training events throughout the UK. This includes postgraduate and post experience courses at universities and other institutions; short courses; workshops; seminars; and information about conferences.
Research Register for Social Care
This is a new resource for social care research, practice and service user communities. The NRRSC will eventually record all social care research being undertaken within Councils with Social Services Responsibilities (CSSRs) that has been subject to independent ethical and scientific review, including student projects. It can be searched to obtain summary details of the individual studies and links to further information about them.
Social Care Institute for Excellence
SCIE's aim is to improve the experience of people who use social care by developing and promoting knowledge about good practice in the sector. Using knowledge gathered from diverse sources and a broad range of people and organisations, they develop resources which they share freely, supporting those working in social care and empowering service users.
UK Clinical Research Collaboration (UKCRC)
The UK Clinical Research Collaboration (UKCRC) is a partnership of organisations working to establish the UK as a world leader in clinical research, by harnessing the power of the NHS. Their aim is to re-engineer the environment in which clinical research is conducted in the UK, to benefit the public and patients by improving national health and increasing national wealth.

Writing/Publications     

BioMed Central Journals
Provides access to research published in BioMed Central's journals. Has a good search facility for finding papers. Access is free to NHS researchers as NHS England and Wales is a BioMed Central member supporting this new publishing initiative. These NHS staff can publish their research without incurring article processing charges.
Citation Styles
There are many guides available on the web which explain how to cite references. Links to a selection are listed here courtesy of the Glasgow University Library.
Harvard referencing guide
This is a brief guide to Harvard referencing which includes the Harvard method of: citation in the text, quoting in the text, secondary references, and listing references at the end of the text.
Instructions to Authors in the Health Sciences
This American site contains links to websites which provide writing instructions to authors of numerous journals in the health and life sciences. Topics such as general requirements and standards, manuscript submission and referencing conventions are covered. All links are to "primary sources", that is, to publishers or organisations with editorial responsibilities for the sites.
Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals
A small group of editors of general medical journals met in Vancouver in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. This group, which expanded to become the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), has produced editions of the Uniform Requirements. The Requirements are instructions to authors on how to prepare manuscripts. For the participating journals, if authors prepare their work in the style of the Uniform Requirements, then the journals to which work has been submitted will not return work on the basis of it being in the wrong format.
Vancouver Referencing Style (author-number)
The Vancouver system differs from Harvard by using a number series to indicate references. Bibliographies list these in numerical order as they appear in the text. The main advantage of the Vancouver style is that the main text reads more easily, and some editors consider this to be less obtrusive. Additionally, references in the bibliography are directly correlated to numbers, saving the reader time in searching alphabetically for the first author of a reference.

Research Methods     

Designing Surveys and Questionnaires
This free tutorial will teach you how to design a research questionnaire and conduct a survey, including useful information on aspects which are often overlooked.
Finding Information About Psychological Tests
The APA Science Directorate answers hundreds of calls and emails each year from persons trying to locate the right test or find more information about psychological tests. APA provides guidance in using available resources to find psychological tests. Answers to frequently asked questions are provided on the website. The first section contains information about published psychological tests -- those available for purchase through a test publisher. It includes tips on how to locate tests within a given subject area, how to contact the test publisher once you find an appropriate test, and where to find computerised testing materials and information. The second section focuses on unpublished psychological tests and measures -- those that are not available commercially for purchase.
Good Questions, Better Answers
Good questions, better answers is a formative research handbook for California HIV Prevention Programs. This manual grew from the idea that there is a need to reposition research as a tool that can actually benefit service providers, not just drain their resources. Formative research can fill that role. This manual aims to define what formative research is, and show why it is helpful for AIDS prevention programs. Using case studies from actual programs throughout California, it aims to demonstrate how formative research is taking place every day in every agency working in the field. It considers the value of taking the time to step back and ask questions, and shows how this can benefit both programs and staff.
Guide to the Design of Questionnaires
This document is designed for students and novice researchers intending to carry out a questionnaire survey. Because surveys of any kind are expensive and time-consuming to conduct, it is important that the data analysis is as extensive and well prepared for as possible. The strength of the analysis depends on good quality data that in turn stems from good design of the data collection instrument, i.e. the questionnaire, and of the collection procedures. This document provides a compilation of do's and don'ts for good questionnaire design that will, if followed, make data analysis easier and faster than otherwise. The survey process is outlined to place questionnaire design in context. Also covered in this document are a number of ways in which the computer fits into various elements of the overall survey process.
Interactive Textbook
This interactive textbook, on clinical symptom research, includes chapters such as 'The design of clinical trials of treatments of pain', 'Methods for clinical research in constipation', and 'The psychology of patient decision making'.
Research Evidence: Critical Reading Made Easy
A University Hospitals of Leicester e-learning resource which will take you through the key principles of critical appraisal and introduce tools to help you appraise. Please note that you will need to allow pop-ups to run this resource on your computer.
Research Evidence: What is meant by 'evidence'?
A University Hospitals of Leicester e-learning resource providing an introduction to research, covering key methodologies that will answer different kinds of questions. Please note you will need to allow pop-ups to run this resource on your computer.
Research Methods Knowledge Base
The Research Methods Knowledge Base is a comprehensive web-based textbook that addresses all of the topics in a typical introductory undergraduate or graduate course in social research methods. It covers the entire research process including: formulating research questions; sampling (probability and nonprobability); measurement (surveys, scaling, qualitative, unobtrusive); research design (experimental and quasi-experimental); data analysis; and, writing the research paper. It also addresses the major theoretical and philosophical underpinnings of research including: the idea of validity in research; reliability of measures; and ethics. The Knowledge Base was designed to be different from the many typical commercially-available research methods texts. It uses an informal, conversational style to engage both the newcomer and the more experienced student of research. It is a fully hyperlinked text that can be integrated easily into an existing course structure or used as a sourcebook for the experienced researcher who simply wants to browse.
Research Methods: The Laboratory
A basic introduction to the 5 research methods (Experimental, Correlation, Case Study, Natural Observation & Survey). Provides details and examples, allows the user to practice as well as to take a post-test which is automatically marked.
Researchcentric
ResearchCentric is intended to provide a vital resource for research managers, investigators and commercial organisations. The site is free to use and a free monthly newsletter is available by registering on the site. This site contains information on clinical research trials, trials of medical devices, and many other areas of clinical research in the UK and EU. Other topics covered include Research Governance, clinical research by disease area as well as many other subjects.
The Qualitative Report
An online journal dedicated to qualitative research since 1990. Includes articles such as 'Using Case Study Methodology in Nursing Research', 'Living with Chronic Heart Disease: A Pilot Study', 'Let's Get Personal: Exploring the Professional Persona in Health Care' and 'Interviewing Exercises: Lessons from Family Therapy'
Tutorial Workbooks
Tutorial workbooks in .pdf format produced by the University of Leeds Information System Services. Include topics such as: Formatting data in Microsoft Excel 2002; and Statistical Analysis in SPSS for Windows 11.5 (Part 1) - Elementary Statistical Methods.

Statistics     

DASL-the data and story library
DASL is an online library of datafiles and stories that illustrate the use of basic statistics methods. It aims to provide data from a wide variety of topics so that statistics teachers can find real-world examples that will be interesting to their students. DASL's search engine can be used to locate the story or datafile of interest. The archive contains two types of files, stories and datafiles. Each story applies a particular statistical method to a set of data. Each datafile has one or more associated stories. The data can be downloaded as a space- or tab-delimited table of text, easily read by most statistics programs. Stories are classified according to statistical methods and major topics of interest.
Free Statistical Software
A link to an extensive range of free statistical packages, including Power Calculators, Multivariate Analysis and Sampling tools.
GraphPad QuickCalcs
Access to dozens of free online calculators for radioactivity calculations, detecting outliers, t tests, ANOVA post tests, and much more.
HyperStat Online Textbook
A textbook covering a wide variety of statistics with exercises.
Research Evidence: Understanding Statistics
An e-learning resource provided by University Hospitals of Leicester designed to take you through the basics of describing, analysing and interpreting statistics. Please note that you will need to allow pop-ups on your computer to run this resource.
Research Randomizer
This web site is designed to assist researchers and students who want an easy way to perform random sampling or assign participants to experimental conditions. Research Randomizer can be used in a wide variety of situations, including psychological experimentation, medical trials, and survey research. This program works best with Microsoft Internet Explorer, versions 5.0 and higher.
Sample Size and Confidence Interval Calculator
This calculator will help you answer two questions. How many completed surveys do I need to have a reasonably accurate view of the entire population? How confident can I be that the information I collected is representative? You will need to register to gain access.
Significant Difference Calculator
This calculator is designed to allow you to test the results from two groups and identify if the differences are statistically significant. For example, if 85% of 450 respondents in the west are satisfied with customer service and 80% of 300 respondents in the central region are satisfied with your service, is that difference real or what you would expect through random chance? You may need to register to gain access.
SPSS tutorial
A tutorial for SPSS for Windows produced by the Psychology Department of the University of Toronto.
Statsoft.com
Statsoft has a very useful Electronic Statistics Textbook on its website. The textbook is clearly set out and offers training in the understanding and application of statistics. It begins with an overview of relevant elementary concepts and continues with an exploration of specific areas of statistics. There is a glossary of statistical terms. A list of references for further study is included.
WhichTest?
An online guide to selecting an appropriate statistical test for analysing quantitative data.

Networks     

Association of Public Health Observatories
The Association of Public Health Observatories (APHO) facilitates collaborative working of the Public Health Observatories (PHOs) and their equivalents in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. It provides a forum for disseminating good practice, sharing methodologies, coordinating action and providing a focus for links with national organisations.
C.H.A.I.N - Contacts, Help, Advice & Information Network
CHAINs - Contact, Help, Advice and Information Networks - are online networks for people working in health and social care. They are based around specific areas of interest, and give people a simple and informal way of contacting each other to exchange ideas and share knowledge.
CHAINs, which are hosted by the University of London Computer Centre, are free to join and use.
JISCmail
JISCmail is an electronic discussion list service specifically for the higher and further education and research communities and is a free service. It uses electronic mail to enable groups of academics and support staff to talk to each other and to share information. Categories relevant to health research include: biological sciences; information resources; medicine & health and social studies. Within the medicine and health category the sub-categories are: dentistry; surgery; evidence based health; ophthalmics; veterinary medicine; nursing; medical technology, and disabilities. Furthermore, if you cannot find a list that is of interest to you, JISCmail can help you start one.
KEgoodpractice.org
The purpose of this website is to provide a dynamic resource for all those involved in HE knowledge transfer and exchange to share and advance good practice, thereby enhancing the effectiveness and impact of HE Knowledge Transfer and Exchange activity.
LARIA
LARIA (the Local Authorities Research & Intelligence Association) promotes the role and practice of research within the field of local government and provides a supportive network for those conducting or commissioning research.
National RDSU Networks
They are a group of professional research support units funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) in order to support high quality and multi-disciplinary health and social care research. They do this by running various courses and training programmes, increasing research awareness through local and national meetings, collaborating in research and sometimes leading research.
NHS National Innovation Centre
If there are issues concerned with Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) involved in your research, or your research results in an innovation which may be marketable, then the NHS Innovation Centre should be able to help. This website includes a list of nine regional Innovation Hubs, which offer legal and commercial support to NHS staff who have a pre-market product. In doing so, each Innovation Hub serves the NHS organisations in its area by identifying, protecting and developing intellectual property sourced from within the NHS. If you are a member of staff in the NHS with a technological innovation and would like advice on how to develop your product, you should contact your local Innovation Hub.
NHS Networks
NHS Networks is a means of promoting and connecting the many networks which exist throughout the NHS - and encouraging the formation of new ones: - clinical networks and administrative networks - local, regional and national networks - formally constituted, well-funded networks and loose networks which are simply people with shared interests sharing ideas. NHS Networks' mission is to identify all the networks which exist and encourage the sharing of ideas between, as well as within, networks.
NHS Research & Development Forum
This forum is for indivduals and departments involved in the management and planning of R&D activities and in conducting R&D in health and social care. Its purpose is to improve the environment for research within organisations delivering health and social care by encouraging high standards and providing support and communication networks. The forum is open to all involved in R&D, and its activities encompass research across the full range of health and social care. The forum runs training events and has on its website a discussion page.
Research Development Centre
The Research and Development Centre is for anyone who wishes to undertake research involving patients, staff, equipment or premises in Greenwich, Lambeth, Lewisham or Southwark NHS Primary Care Trusts. They are funded by a variety of sources including the Department of Health, Guys and St Thomas' Charity, and other PCT contributions. They have two main functions: 1. Coordinating the Research and Development notification and approval process for the Trusts 2. Funding local research projects and supporting our researchers to deliver and disseminate.
UK Clinical Research Network (UKCRN)
The UK Clinical Research Network (UKCRN) consists of a managed set of Topic Specific Clinical Research Networks, covering cancer, dementias and neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes, medicines for children, mental health and stroke. It is intended that, in due course, this will be extended to cover the full spectrum of disease and clinical need. Each of the six priority Topic Specific Clinical Research Networks has a Coordinating Centre, which will ensure that the UKCRN operates under a common management structure, delivering consistent best practice and maximum efficiency.

Regulations     

Clinical Trials Toolkit
Guidance on implementing the Medicines for Human Use (Clinical Trials) Regulations 2004 is available from the Clinical Trials Tool Kit. This brings together the legislation, guidance and good practice on the regulations. The information is particularly relevant to all publicly funded research in the NHS and is aimed primarily at investigators, trial managers and NHS R&D staff.
Data and Tissues Tool Kit
Modelled on the Clinical Trials Tool Kit, this resource provides practical advice on implementing statutory and good practice standards for research involving personal information and human tissue samples. It considers the requirements of relevant primary legislation (including involving adults who cannot give consent for themselves and children) and covers the differences accross the UK.
Data Protection & Medical Research
Guidance issued by the Parliamentary Office of Science & Technology which lists the types of patient data that are stored, explains their use in medical research, examines the current regulatory system and analyses issues such as anonymisation, confidentiality and consent.
Department of Health - Research Governance Framework
The Research Governance Framework for health and social care defines the broad principles of good research governance and is key to ensuring that health and social care research is conducted to high scientific and ethical standards.
Department of Health: Consent in Research
This is a useful section of the Department of Health website, for anyone with questions about consent. The website makes available the full text of publications on consent being produced with the assistance of the Advisory Group. It includes a guide for clinicians, with information about guidance regarding consent in clinical practice and in research practice; and a section on guides for patients (Consent - What you have a right to expect). Consent forms are included.
Integrated Research Application System (IRAS)
IRAS provides an integrated system for applying to a wide range of regulatory and governance bodies, in which the applications cross-populate. IRAS is available for optional use from 29th January 2008. Applicants and review bodies are encouraged to provide feedback so that it can be revised before becoming a mandatory system later this year. The NRESform system continues to be available for REC and R&D applications during the consultation-in-use phase of IRAS.
National Research Ethics Service (NRES)
The National Research Ethics Service (NRES) officially launched on 1st April 2007. The NRES will comprise the Head Office function (formerly COREC) and NHS RECs in England, and will continue to work with colleagues in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland to maintain the established UK-wide framework for ethical review of research.
NHS R&D Application Form
There is now a standard Site Specific Information form (SSI), to apply to NHS organisations for approval. This form is linked to the standard NHS REC application form and needs to be completed for all studies taking place in the NHS. You need to register before you can complete it. (Register once, and you can fill in as many applications as you like). The NHS R&D Forum provides guidance and links to the form.
Research Passport System
This new initiative simplifies administrative procedures when issuing honorary research contracts to researchers with no contractual arrangements with the NHS, and who carry out research in the NHS that affects patient care. The Department of Health recommends "Research Passport" to the NHS, to Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and to other research employers working in partnership with the NIHR.
UKCRC Regulatory & Governance Advice Service
The UKCRC Regulatory and Governance (R&G) Advice Service is a UK-wide resource for those involved in health research (including non-portfolio studies). The Advice Service aims to provide consistent and authoritative advice on a range of regulatory and governance issues, primarily to support local advice providers, such as NHS R&D departments and university research managers.
 

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